Increased mAb production in amplified CHO cell lines is associated with increased interaction of CREB1 with transgene promoter


Most therapeutic monoclonal antibodies in biopharmaceutical processes are produced in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells. Technological advances have rendered the selection procedure for higher producers a robust protocol. However, information on molecular mechanisms that impart the property of hyper-productivity in the final selected clones is currently lacking. In this study, an IgG-producing industrial cell line and its methotrexate (MTX)-amplified progeny cell line were analyzed using transcriptomic, proteomic, phosphoproteomic, and chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) techniques. Computational prediction of transcription factor binding to the transgene cytomegalovirus (CMV) promoter by the Transcription Element Search System and upstream regulator analysis of the differential transcriptomic data suggested increased in vivo CMV promoter-cAMP response element binding protein (CREB1) interaction in the higher producing cell line. Differential nuclear proteomic analysis detected 1.3-fold less CREB1 in the nucleus of the high productivity cell line compared with the parental cell line. However, the differential abundance of multiple CREB1 phosphopeptides suggested an increase in CREB1 activity in the higher producing cell line, which was confirmed by increased association of the CMV promotor with CREB1 in the high producer cell line. Thus, we show here that the nuclear proteome and phosphoproteome have an important role in regulating final productivity of recombinant proteins from CHO cells, and that CREB1 may play a role in transcriptional enhancement. Moreover, CREB1 phosphosites may be potential targets for cell engineering for increased productivity.

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Hussain Dahodwala, Prashant Kaushik, Vijay Tejwani, Chih-Chung Kuo, Patrice Menard, Michael Henry, Bjorn G. Voldborg, Nathan E. Lewis, Paula Meleady, Susan T. Sharfstein, Increased mAb production in amplified CHO cell lines is associated with increased interaction of CREB1 with transgene promoter, Current Research in Biotechnology, Volume 1, 2019, Pages 49-57, ISSN 2590-2628,

Keywords: Chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP), CHO cell line selection, Nuclear proteomics, Transcriptional regulation, mAb production, CHO cells, CREB1, transgene promoter, transcriptomic, proteomic, phosphoproteomic, cAMP response element binding protein, cell engineering, transcriptional enhancement, recombinant proteins production, #GeneEditing, #GenomeEditing.

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