Association Between Plant-Based Dietary Patterns and Risk of Type 2 Diabetes A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis
Question: What is the role for plant-based dietary patterns in the primary prevention of type 2 diabetes among adults?
Findings: In this systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective observational studies assessing the association between plant-based dietary patterns and risk of type 2 diabetes among adults, higher adherence to plant-based dietary patterns was associated with a lower risk of type 2 diabetes; this association was strengthened when healthy plant-based foods, such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains, legumes, and nuts, were included in the pattern. Findings were broadly consistent in several prespecified subgroups and in sensitivity analyses.
Meaning: Greater adherence to plant-based dietary patterns, especially those rich in healthful plant-based foods, is associated with lower risk of type 2 diabetes.
Qian F, Liu G, Hu FB, Bhupathiraju SN, Sun Q. Association Between Plant-Based Dietary Patterns and Risk of Type 2 Diabetes: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. JAMA Intern Med. 2019 Jul 22. doi: 10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.2195. PubMed PMID: 31329220.
Tropical rainforest, Queensland, Australia. Photo by Dr. Rohan Davis.
Analytical equipment. Photo by Atanas G. Atanasov.
Hep-2 signal activated cells. Image by Dr. Vassilis Doucas.
Flower blossoms at gardens by the bay Singapore-photo by Dr. Hemanth Kumar Boyina.
Saffron plants, Zapponeta (Foggia), South of Italy. Photo by Dr. Grazia D'Onofrio.
Blood cells colored with fluorescence dye. Photo by Dr. Davide Barreca.