Effects of Ethanol Concentration on Oral Aroma Release After Wine Consumption

Abstract

This paper evaluates, for the first time, the effects of ethanol concentration on the dynamics of oral (immediate and prolonged) aroma release after wine consumption. To do this, the intraoral aroma release of 10 panelists was monitored at two sampling points (0 and 4 min) after they rinsed their mouths with three rosé wines with different ethanol content (0.5% v/v, 5% v/v and 10% v/v) that were aromatized with six fruity esters (ethyl butanoate, isoamyl acetate, ethyl pentanoate, ethyl hexanoate, ethyl octanoate and ethyl decanoate). Overall, the results indicated that the extent of the effects of ethanol content on the oral aroma release were influenced by the subject, the ethanol concentration and the type of aroma compound. This effect was also different in the immediate than in the prolonged aroma release. In the first in-mouth aroma monitoring, an increase in the ethanol content provoked a higher release of the more polar and volatile esters (ethyl butanoate, ethyl pentanoate), but a lower release for the more apolar and less volatile esters (ethyl octanoate, ethyl decanoate). Regarding the prolonged oral aroma release, an increase of ethanol content in wine increased the oral aroma release of the six esters, which might also increase the fruity aroma persistence in the wines. Future works with a higher number of individuals will be needed to understand the mechanisms behind this phenomenon.

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Reference:

Muñoz-González C, Pérez-Jiménez M, Criado C, Pozo-Bayón MÁ. Effects of Ethanol Concentration on Oral Aroma Release After Wine Consumption. Molecules. 2019 Sep 6;24(18). pii: E3253. doi: 10.3390/molecules24183253. PubMed PMID: 31500122.



Keywords: aroma persistence; ethanol; intra-oral SPME; oral aroma release; wine; fruity aroma; ethyl butanoate; isoamyl acetate; ethyl pentanoate; ethyl hexanoate; ethyl octanoate; ethyl decanoate; rosé wines; #Wine; #Science.

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