Arctium Species Secondary Metabolites Chemodiversity and Bioactivities

Abstract

Arctium species are known for a variety of pharmacological effects due to their diverse volatile and non-volatile secondary metabolites. Representatives of Arctium species contain non-volatile compounds including lignans, fatty acids, acetylenic compounds, phytosterols, polysaccharides, caffeoylquinic acid derivatives, flavonoids, terpenes/terpenoids and volatile compounds such as hydrocarbons, aldehydes, methoxypyrazines, carboxylic and fatty acids, monoterpenes and sesquiterpenes. Arctium species also possess bioactive properties such as anti-cancer, anti-diabetic, anti-oxidant, hepatoprotective, gastroprotective, antibacterial, antiviral, antimicrobial, anti-allergic, and anti-inflammatory effects. This review aims to provide a complete overview of the chemistry and biological activities of the secondary metabolites found in therapeutically used Arctium species. Summary of pharmacopeias and monographs contents indicating the relevant phytochemicals and therapeutic effects are also discussed, along with possible safety considerations.

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Reference:

Wang D, Bădărau AS, Swamy MK, Shaw S, Maggi F, da Silva LE, López V, Yeung AWK, Mocan A and Atanasov AG (2019) Arctium Species Secondary Metabolites Chemodiversity and Bioactivities. Front. Plant Sci. 10:834. doi: 10.3389/fpls.2019.00834



Keywords: Arctium species, secondary metabolites, volatile compounds, pharmacological effects, non-volatile compounds, chemodiversity, bioactivity.

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